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      Coffee Blog

      Brazil v Peru Coffee Growing Regions

      Coffee berries

      South America is home to some of the best coffee in the entire world because of its ideal geographical locations for growing coffee. While Brazil coffee is exported the most out of any other country, Peru coffee isn’t too far behind.

      Brazil coffee beans vary from Peru coffee beans, but one factor remains the same across all of South America — South American beans include flavour notes of chocolate, caramel, and nuts.

      In this blog, we have outlined the major differences between Brazilian coffee and Peruvian coffee so you can determine which is right for you.

      Brazil Coffee Region Explained

      Brazil coffee makes up approximately 60% of the world’s coffee. Brazilian coffee beans are grown in a humid and tropical climate, allowing Brazil to produce an amazing Arabica bean.

      Many premium coffee blends come from the Minas Gerais state which itself comprises the Cerrado de Minas, Chapada de Minas, Matas de Minas, and Sul de Minas regions. More superb Brazilian states that produce exquisite coffee include the Parana, Bahia, Sao Paulo, and Espirito Santo states.

      Brazil coffee beans have low acidity with a nutty, sweet flavouring and include hints of chocolatey and fruity goodness. Most of Brazil’s coffee production is dry processed (unwashed or natural).

      Peru Coffee Region Explained

      Peru’s mountainous environment allows it to produce delicious tasting coffee. Higher altitudes are better for coffee growing, and Peru coffee is grown at 1,200 metres above sea level.

      Peru is known for its selection of Arabica beans, which are grown in regions including Cajamarca, Junin, San Martin, and Cusco.

      Coffee from Peru is generally produced using the washed method. Peru coffee beans have a mild and bright acidity, a light body, and a sweet and floral flavour profile.

      Influence of Each Region Across the World

      In recent years, coffee lovers around the world have gained a deeper understanding of quality coffee. This has created a greater demand for specialty coffee, which is coffee that is graded 80 points or above on a 100-point scale by a certified coffee taster.

      Brazil controls more than 30% of the international production, and about 10% of Brazil’s coffee production comes from the specialty segment.

      Since Peru coffee farmers don’t have access to pesticides or chemical fertilisers, most of the beans produced are organic. This improves the flavour of Peruvian coffee beans and keeps up with consumers’ desire for organic coffee rather than conventional coffee.

      What Region Produces Specialty Coffee?

      While Brazil coffee farms don’t all produce specialty coffee, there is spectacular Brazilian coffee out there. Good Brazilian coffee adds a lot of flavour to an espresso blend or a cappuccino.

      With high altitudes and fertile soil, Peru produces some tasty specialty coffees. Peru coffee farmers handpick and hand-process each bean, delivering high-quality Arabica coffee beans. Most Peruvian coffee beans are direct-trade or fair-trade certified, usually bringing with them an elevated status.

      Shop Brazil and Peru Coffee

      At Di Stefano, we take pride in delivering premium, high-quality Peru and Brazil coffee. Our Brazilian Signature Blend is a dark roast coffee with notes of chocolate, cinnamon, and fig that make a delicious flat white or cappuccino.

      Our Fair Trade & Organic Medium Roast Coffee Beans from Peru consist of a tasty medium roast with floral and citrus undertones that makes for a perfect espresso.

      Try some of the best coffee from both Brazil and Peru today!

      Indonesia v India: Comparing Coffee Growing Regions

      Indonesia v India: Comparing Coffee Growing Regions

      Coffee comes from all parts of the world. The soil, climate, and processing methods all contribute to a region’s unique coffee taste. 

      Two large producers of coffee are Indonesia, the fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world, and India, the seventh-largest producer of coffee. 

      While both of these countries grow delicious coffee, they each offer their own distinct flavour. Keep reading to learn more about the differences between Indonesian coffee and Indian coffee. 

      Indonesia Coffee Region

      Indonesia coffee beans come from three regions: Sulawesi, Sumatra, and Java. The Java region is known for its Arabica coffee beans with bright acidity and a fruity flavour profile. 

      However, despite its popularity, this is not the dominant production line. About 90% of Indonesian coffee comes from the Robusta coffee bean. 

      Indonesia coffee is processed using the semi-washed method, meaning the coffee bean is dried and then hulled to expose the green beans underneath. This processing method creates a coffee with lower acidity and more body than other types of coffee. 

      Most coffee beans from Indonesia tend to have a bold flavour with earthy tasting notes. 

      Coffee from the Sumatran region is the most popular because of its darker profile. In this region, Mandheling and Ankola are produced, two of the world's most famous and expensive coffees. These coffees usually have a smoky or toasted flavour, as well as a lot of complexity. 

      India Coffee Region

      India coffee is produced under a mixed shade canopy to prevent soil erosion, enrich the soil, protect the soil from weather changes, and produce diverse flora. 

      Its diverse coffee regions make India well-suited to cultivate different types of coffee. 

      Regions with higher elevation are better for growing Arabica coffee, and regions with warmer climates are better for growing Robusta coffee. These are grown in different states of South India, such as in the hills of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. 

      A popular premium coffee bean from India is the Monsoon Malabar coffee. Due to the high demand for this type of coffee, the “monsoon” process was introduced. During this period, the beans are spread and left for five days, then packed into monsoon wind bags once a week for seven weeks. This affects the bean’s colour and flavour and creates an unmatched smoothness that is desired worldwide.

      Coffee beans in India typically have a low to moderate acidity and an exquisite full-bodied taste. Indian coffee beans contain spicy flavours with notes of cardamom, clove, pepper and nutmeg. 

      What Region Produces Specialty Coffee?

      Along with regular coffee, Indonesia produces a variety of specialty coffee. 

      The most loved by experts are Luwak Coffee (Kopi Luwak), Toraja Coffee, Aceh Coffee, and Mandheling Coffee. Indonesian coffee results in aromas that can’t be found anywhere else in the world, and Indonesian coffee consumers admire its unique sweet and acidic tones. 

      On the other hand, India’s specialty coffee is growing at a rapid rate. Indian coffee was long regarded as a delicacy and as such, sold for a premium price in Europe, Japan, and the Middle East. Today, coffee production in India focuses on growing fine coffee for export and the domestic market.  

      Shop at Di Stefano

      Experience Di Stefano’s Specialty Blend which contains high-quality coffee from Indonesia, Ethiopia, Brazil, and Colombia. 

      This blend delivers a remarkable fusion of cherry and lemon flavours that contrasts the spicy richness of caramel to give an acidic yet delicate taste. 

      Shop our unique and magnificent Indonesian blend today!

      What is Fairtrade Coffee?

      What is Fairtrade Coffee?

      Coffee is how millions of us start our morning, and it connects people around the world every day.

      An estimated 1.6 billion cups of coffee are brewed daily, however, coffee drinkers are often unsure about the origin of their coffee. Like organic certification, fair trade certification assures you know where your coffee comes from.

      Coffee production varies year on year, which can cause serious consequences for those who depend on coffee farming for their livelihood.

      So what is fairtrade coffee, and how is fairtrade organic coffee important? Keep reading to find out everything you need to know about fairtrade coffee.

      Fairtrade Coffee Definition

      Fairtrade coffee means that the coffee bean has been examined throughout the entire supply chain to meet specific sustainability and labor standards.

      It focuses on small producer organizations and ensures coffee farmers who grow fairtrade coffee beans receive a fair price while protecting their communities and the environment. When market prices fluctuate, fairtrade coffee guarantees coffee growers pay the Fairtrade Minimum Price for their produce.

      Where does Fairtrade Coffee Come From?

      The fairtrade coffee movement began in the late 1980s when Mexican coffee farmers struggled with the collapse of coffee prices.

      Mexico is now a huge producer of Fairtrade coffee and has influenced the rest of the world to follow in its footsteps. Now, every country that produces coffee beans has Fairtrade organic coffee farmers.

      How Does Fairtrade Coffee Help Coffee Farmers?

      Wondering what is fairtrade coffee good for?
      Fairtrade certified coffee helps approximately 800,000 coffee farmers receive a sustainable price for their coffee. This protects coffee farmers from sudden price drops and allows them to make more income, ultimately leading to a better quality of life.

      Coffee farmers also receive a fairtrade premium, which is an extra sum of money given to workers as an additional bonus so they can invest in projects of their choice.

      Fairtrade allows farmers to negotiate in trade and reach a larger market because it supports small producer organizations — such as cooperatives and associations — so they can function independently and productively.

      Fairtrade Coffee Facts

      1. Fairtrade Coffee Supports Environmental Sustainability

      To become fairtrade certified, farmers must increase soil and water quality, avoid chemicals, manage waste, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions.

      2. Fairtrade Coffee Tastes Better

      Fairtrade Organic coffee ensures coffee growers use sustainable production methods and that the coffee beans are picked by hand. Therefore, only the best beans are selected, leading to a higher-quality taste.

      Fairtrade Organic coffee beans are also grown without the use of pesticides or harmful chemicals, so they keep all their nutrients and delicious flavour.

      3. Fairtrade Coffee Preserves Wildlife

      Many coffee farms destroy natural habitats, causing a decline in biodiversity. Fairtrade ensures farmers protect the habitats of animals and increase the nutritional value of the soil, allowing wildlife to thrive.

      Invest in Fairtrade Coffee

      Di Stefano offers premium Fairtrade Organic Coffee that encompasses tastes of kiwi, lime, and nashi pear to deliver an excellent coffee experience that can be enjoyed at any time of the day.

      We aim to provide a product that has a positive environmental impact and improves overall well-being.

      Taste better quality coffee while making an ethical environmental choice with Di Stefano coffee today!

      What Makes Coffee Beans Organic? All You Need to Know

      What Makes Coffee Beans Organic? All You Need to Know

      When coffee lovers drink their morning or afternoon cup of coffee, they most likely aren’t thinking about whether it is made with organic coffee beans or conventional coffee beans. But it is time to start now. Over recent years, consuming organic foods has become a priority for people around the world. So why don’t we consider it when it comes to coffee? Is there really a difference between organic and conventional coffee? 

      What defines Organic Coffee Beans?

      First, let’s talk about what it means for food to be “organic”. Organic food means it was grown without the use of any pesticides, synthetic fertilisers, GMOs, or any other toxic chemicals. Organic coffee beans are produced in line with this definition, and are grown chemically free with only organic fertilisers. Commonly used organic fertilisers include coffee pulp, chicken manure and vegetable composts. This results in a cleaner and organic coffee bean, rich in natural antioxidants!

      Is Organic Coffee Less Acidic?

      Even though coffee brands can have an organic label, it doesn’t mean that particular coffee has less acidity. Low acid coffee beans are brewed to have little to no quinic acid, and the acidity level depends on the variety, altitude and how long the beans were processed and dried.Organic coffee beans are the least acidic because they haven’t been overheated. So, non-organic coffee can have the same or even less acidity than organic coffee, but there are organic coffee brands that have low acidity. 

      How Much Caffeine Is in Organic Coffee?

      Most organic coffee is produced in parts of Africa where the soil is composed of volcanic compounds, which give the organic coffee bean more flavour. Organic coffee is more potent than conventional coffee, giving it a higher caffeine content. One cup of organic coffee can give you energy for the entire day, while a conventional cup of coffee might keep you alert for only a few hours. A typical espresso made with ground coffee has approximately 40-50 mg of caffeine, whereas a typical cup of coffee contains about 100-120 mg of caffeine. However, your coffee will have a higher caffeine content if it is organic. 

      At Di Stefano, we offer premium organic coffee available for purchase at both wholesale and retail prices. Shop our range of Organic Coffee today!

      Caffeine Content in Coffee vs Other Drinks

      Caffeine Content in Coffee vs Other Drinks

      If you are an adult, you likely rely on caffeine to get you through the day. While many people drink coffee and other drinks to gain energy and mental awareness, some do the opposite; they try to avoid caffeine. Whether you are sensitive to caffeine or looking to reduce your caffeine intake, there are plenty of options for you. 

      While caffeine-free coffee still provides some caffeine, it is a great alternative if you don’t want to give up coffee's wonderful taste. Keep reading to learn about the caffeine levels in decaf coffee and other popular drinks. 

      Decaf Production Process

      There are three methods for producing caffeine-free coffee beans: 

      • Solvent-based process: This decaffeinating process involves the use of methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, and water to extract the caffeine from the bean. These chemicals evaporate so they are not present in the coffee. 
      • Swiss water process: This organic method relies on osmosis to remove the caffeine from the coffee bean and is the way we make decaf coffee beans here at Di Stefano. It is also the most effective and safest method to make the healthiest decaf coffee.
      • Carbon dioxide process: This method uses carbon dioxide to create caffeine-free coffee and leaves the coffee’s flavour intact. 

      How Much Caffeine Is In Decaf Coffee?

      Decaf coffee is not 100% caffeine-free. However, 97% of the caffeine in decaf coffee is removed. The caffeine content in low-caffeine coffee is determined by the decaffeinating process and the type of coffee bean. On average, a 12-ounce cup of caffeine-free coffee contains about 7 mg of caffeine, whereas a regular 12-ounce cup of coffee would contain about 70-140 mg of caffeine. Even though the caffeine content in decaf coffee is much lower than in regular coffee, those trying to avoid caffeine should still be cautious. 

      Here at Di Stefano, the caffeine levels in our products are less than 0.1% or less than 0.006g in a 5.6g coffee pod. So, if you’re a devout decaf coffee drinker, you will have no problem avoiding caffeine with us!

      Caffeine Content in Coffee vs. Green Tea

      So what is the caffeine content in coffee vs. green tea? Well, if you are trying to limit your caffeine intake, green tea is a fabulous choice. While you may crave a tasty cup of coffee, it provides three times as much caffeine as green tea. An 8-ounce cup of coffee has an average of 96 mg of caffeine, and the same size cup of green tea contains 29 mg. However, multiple factors can affect the caffeine content in green tea, including:  

      • Tea variety 
      • Harvest time of leaves 
      • Temperature 
      • Brewing time
      • Brewing method

      Therefore, some green tea varieties will have more caffeine than others, just as some coffees will have more caffeine than others, depending on their processing method.

      Caffeine Content in Aeropress Coffee

      An Aeropress is a piece of coffee brewing equipment that has taken the industry by storm in recent years. Aeropress coffee makers are often compared to the classic French Press, due to the smooth black coffee flavour it produces. Estimates suggest the Aeropress will produce roughly six ounces of coffee per cup, which results in around 110 mgs of caffeine in your cup!

      Caffeine Content in Coffee vs. Energy Drinks

      The caffeine content in coffee vs. energy drinks is pretty much the same. The average amount of caffeine in a 250 ml energy drink is 80 mg, which is very similar to coffee. Unless you drink a ton of energy drinks, your caffeine intake will be about equal. 

      At Di Stefano, we strive to deliver decaffeinated coffee beans of the highest quality and taste along with the best decaffeinated coffee pods on the market. Indulge in delicious, cafe-quality coffee right in the comfort of your own home. Shop our caffeine-free coffee today!